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Epson Uses Machined Prototypes to Set Sights on Improving Smart Glasses

Electronics giant leverages rapid prototyping to enhance comfort, design of its Moverio augmented reality glasses

epson part manufactured by Protolabs CNC machining
Japan's Seiko Epson Corporation had multiple iterations of quick-turn prototyping to validate the design and utility of the Moverio BT-300 AR smart glasses.


Company name: Epson

Product: Moverio

Industry: Electronics

Service: CNC machining, injection moulding


Japan-based Seiko Epson Corporation recently announced the next-generation model release of its augmented reality (AR) Moverio smart glasses. Protolabs’ rapid CNC machining provided quick-turn prototyping services that helped Epson enhance the comfort of these lightweight, high-resolution glasses.

The Moverio BT-300 has a stylish, futuristic design with a shiny, silver frame that’s loaded with the latest optical technology, including liquid crystal micro displays. The smart glasses provide the user an AR experience with comfort akin to wearing glasses. The glasses are equipped with connectivity to external media, enabling users to access online videos and view aerial images from an in-flight drone through a dedicated app.

“Because it’s for consumers, we aimed for lightness and comfort,” said Kazuya Kamakura, Senior Staff, HMD Business Management Department, Visual Products Operations Division at Epson. “With the predecessor, we had many requests from users regarding the weight and size, so we set our development goals on improving comfort and making the smart glasses more compact and lightweight.”

epson employee
Improving comfort and reducing weight and size were the key design goals with the next-gen model.
Development Challenge: Improve Comfort, Reduce Weight

Making products as lightweight and compact as possible while maintaining strength is a standard requirement in our industry, but the issue of improving comfort was tricky for Kamakura, who was in charge of the design mechanism for the BT-300.

“The product is sold globally, so the users are international not just Japanese,” said Kamakura. Plus, there are gender size and fit variances to consider. “Naturally, head sizes differ and feelings toward wearing the smart glasses are also not equal.”

Factors such as the frames’ strength or centroid balance can be verified with data, but there is no way of checking comfort levels other than actually making the device. With the BT-300 serving as the master model for future next-generation devices, there was little margin for error as the design deadline approached.

Manufacturing Solution: Prototyping with Quick-Turn Machining

Maintaining brand quality and confirming comfort before releasing the design was important to Epson. The product design team discovered Protolabs’ machining services just before the team was scheduled to release the drawings.

“Before mass-production, we really wanted to somehow physically confirm the comfort of the temples and nose pad mountings,” said Kamakura.

Beyond verifying design and comfort, the prototype also helped developers to gain final approval for production from the Epson Operations Division. Kamakura and his team went through two rounds of prototyping with Protolabs before finalizing the design.

“Regular prototyping methods are costly and time-consuming, but with Protolabs we did not have these issues,” said Kamakura. “We were definitely pleased to be able to repeat the prototype cycle in the same amount of time.”

master model of Epson's AR glasses produced by rapid CNC machining
With its stylish, futuristic design loaded with the latest optical technology, the Moverio BT-300 serves as the master model for future next-generation Seiko Epson AR devices.

Through Protolabs’ quoting and design analysis software, Kamakura and his team could view machining risks and evaluate cut remainders so that they could work through any problems before production. In addition to confirming manufacturability, customer-support conversations over the phone with Protolabs’ applications engineers provided reassurance on the product and process.

Product Outcome: Improved Comfort

Following design and development enhancements, the BT-300’s product quality was eventually determined to be suitable for an Epson product and moved on to mass production. Professional models are currently under development and are moving toward a cycle of quality, cost, and delivery (QCD), according to Kamakura.

“Feedback on comfort has been superb,” said Kamakura. “It’s a wearable product, so it’s ridiculous if the device is uncomfortable.”

Pleased with the result of the initial project, Epson is looking to Protolabs’ prototyping services to further expand the design process of future iterations.

“In the new devices of the Moverio professional models, we are utilizing [Protolabs’] services in various processes, including injection moulding,” revealed Mr. Kamakura. “It always takes time to enhance design accuracy, but we cannot alter delivery times. With Protolabs, we do not have issues with the timing or cost problems associated with regular prototyping methods.”

“It always takes time to enhance design accuracy, but we cannot alter delivery times. With Protolabs, we do not have issues with the timing or cost problems associated with regular prototyping methods.”

In addition to speed and cost, Kamakura also raised clarity of communication as one of the main merits for using Protolabs prototyping services.

“Miscalculation often occurs with prototypes,” he said. “For example, cases are common where a mould maker attempts to create a mould in the easiest possible shape, but it varies from our idea, and the parting line is different when it’s delivered. However, in the case of Protolabs, concerns over what will happen to parting and where surface sink will be more likely to occur are all clearly indicated. As such, misunderstandings do not arise.”

Furthermore, Kamakura is looking forward to a successful cycle of QCD for development. The ability to do multiple iterations quickly during the prototype cycle improves design accuracy, eliminating the need to re-work moulds and design in the production phase.

“In development, matters like mould modifications must be avoided at all costs because they have a major impact not only on the development schedule but also on development costs,” said Kamakura. “In this sense, the prototyping services of Protolabs, which reduces reworking, and is the ideal preparation for a successful QCD cycle for development.”