Compare 3D Printing Materials


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ABS-Like Black (Accura 7820)
Process: SLA
Moisture Resistance
Durability
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ABS-Like Black is a durable material for general purpose prototyping. Its deep black color and glossy, cosmetic up-facing surfaces offer the appearance of a molded part. Part sidewalls and down-facing surfaces will have a matte finish. The material has good dimensional stability and moisture resistance.
Tensile Strength
55 MPa 7 ksi
E-module
3,000 MPa 435 ksi
Heat Deflection
51°C 124°F
Elongation
5%
Max. Part Size:
254mm x 254mm x 254mm 10 in. x 10 in. x 10 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
ABS-Like Gray (Accura Xtreme Gray)
Process: SLA
Durability
Strength
Large Format
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ABS-Like Gray is a widely used, all-purpose material that provides flexibility relative to other SLA resins. It is an ideal stereolithography material for durability and heat tolerance. Parts built with ABS-Like Gray will have a look and feel similar to an injection-molded part.
Tensile Strength
40 MPa 5.8 ksi
E-module
2,000 MPa 290 ksi
Heat Deflection
62°C 144°F
Elongation
9%
Max. Part Size:
736mm x 635mm x 533mm 29 in. x 25 in. x 21 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
ABS-Like MicroFine™ (Gray and Green)
Process: SLA
Durability
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ABS-Like MicroFine™ material is available in opaque green and gray natural colors. This ABS-like material has been custom formulated by DSM for micro-resolution stereolithography and is capable of producing features as small as 0.0025 in. (0.0635mm).
Tensile Strength
60 MPa 8.7 ksi
E-module
2,600 MPa 377 ksi
Heat Deflection
59°C 138°F
Elongation
8%
Max. Part Size:
127mm x 127mm x 63.5mm 5 in. x 5 in. x 2.5 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.0635mm 0.0025 in.
ABS-Like Translucent/Clear (WaterShed XC 11122)
Process: SLA
Transparency
Moisture Resistance
Durability
Large Format
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ABS-Like Translucent/Clear offers a unique combination of low moisture absorption and near-colorless transparency. Custom finishing is required to achieve functional clarity. Its tensile strength and elongation at break are among the highest of 3D-printed, thermoset material.
Tensile Strength
55 MPa 7.9 ksi
E-module
2,900 MPa 421 ksi
Heat Deflection
50.5°C 123°F
Elongation
6%
Max. Part Size:
736mm x 635mm x 533mm 29 in. x 25 in. x 21 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
ABS-Like White (Accura Xtreme White 200)
Process: SLA
Strength
Flexibility
Durability
Large Format
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ABS-Like White is a widely used, all-purpose material that provides flexibility relative to other SLA resins. It is an ideal stereolithography material for durability. Compared to the average value for injection-molded ABS, it will have a slightly higher tensile strength but lower elongation at break. ABS-Like White’s heat deflection is the lowest of all SLA materials.
Tensile Strength
55 MPa 7.9 ksi
E-module
3,300 MPa 480 ksi
Heat Deflection
47°C 117°F
Elongation
9%
Max. Part Size:
736mm x 635mm x 533mm 29 in. x 25 in. x 21 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
Carbon EPX 86FR
Process: Carbon DLS
Strength
Temperature Resistance
Chemical Resistance
Flame Resistance
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Carbon EPX 86FR is a flame-retardant resin that offers functional toughness, high strength, and long-term stability. It works well in a variety of applications that require UL 94 V-0 or FAR 25.853(a) ratings.
Tensile Strength
90 MPa 13 ksi
E-module
3,300 MPa 480 ksi
Heat Deflection
135 °C 275 °F
Elongation
10%
Max. Part Size:
188mm x 117mm x 325mm 7.4 in. x 4.6 in. x 12.8 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.5mm 0.020 in.
Carbon FPU 50
Process: Carbon DLS
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Carbon FPU 50 exhibits the highest elongation of any of the 3D printing thermoset resins at 200% making it the most flexible option. Available in black, it falls under the PP-like category of 3D printing resins.
Tensile Strength
28 MPa 4 ksi
E-module
690 MPa 100 ksi
Heat Deflection
-- --
Elongation
200%
Max. Part Size:
189mm x 118mm x 326mm 7.4 in. x 4.6 in. x 12.8 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.5mm 0.020 in.
Carbon RPU 70
Process: Carbon DLS
Durability
Flame Resistance
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RPU 70 is a tough, rigid material that is a good choice for parts requiring strength, toughness, and moderate heat-resistance.
Tensile Strength
41 MPa 6 ksi
E-module
1,690 MPa 245 ksi
Heat Deflection
-- --
Elongation
100%
Max. Part Size:
189mm x 118mm x 326mm 7.4 in. x 4.6 in. x 12.8 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.5mm 0.020 in.
Ceramic-Like (Advanced HighTemp PerFORM)
Process: SLA
Strength
Stiffness
Temperature Resistance
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Ceramic-Like White (Advanced High Temp) combines superior high heat tolerance with strength and stiffness. A thermal post-cure can be used to further improve mechanical properties and its heat resistance, however, it will be more brittle.
Tensile Strength
75 MPa 10.9 ksi
E-module
10,500 MPa 1,523 ksi
Heat Deflection
268°C 514°F
Elongation
1%
Max. Part Size:
254mm x 254mm x 254mm 10 in. x 10 in. x 10 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
PA 12 Mineral-Filled (PA620-MF)
Process: SLS
Temperature Resistance
Stiffness
Strength
Durability
Dimensional Stability
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This 25% mineral-filled nylon offers the highest stiffness among Protolabs’ selective laser sintering materials. It’s an excellent choice when stiffness and high temperature resistance are the most important requirements.
Tensile Strength
38 MPa 5.5 ksi
E-module
3,100 MPa 450 ksi
Heat Deflection
184°C 363°F
Elongation
3%
Max. Part Size:
269mm x 304mm x 406mm 10.6 in. x 12.6 in. x 16 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.762mm 0.03 in.
PA11 Black (PA850)
Process: SLS
Temperature Resistance
Flexibility
Durability
Dimensional Stability
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PA 11 Black provides excellent ductility and temperature resistance without sacrificing tensile strength. It offers one of the highest elongation break thresholds in the nylon family.
Tensile Strength
52 MPa 7.5 ksi
E-module
1,800 MPa 261 ksi
Heat Deflection
188°C 370°F
Elongation
30%
Max. Part Size:
269mm x 304mm x 406mm 10.6 in. x 12.6 in. x 16 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.762mm 0.03 in.
PA12 40% Glass-Filled (PA614-GS)
Process: SLS
Stiffness
Wear Resistance
Strength
Durability
Dimensional Stability
Strength-to-Weight
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PA 12 40% Glass-Filled is a polyamide powder loaded with glass spheres that add stiffness and dimensional stability. The material possesses higher thermal resistance than unfilled polyamides and exhibits excellent long-term wear resistance. Due to the glass additive, it has decreased impact and tensile strengths compared to other nylons.
Tensile Strength
50 MPa 7.2 ksi
E-module
3,500 MPa 508 ksi
Heat Deflection
157°C 315°F
Elongation
5%
Max. Part Size:
269mm x 304mm x 406mm 10.6 in. x 12.6 in. x 16 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.762mm 0.03 in.
PA12 40% Glass-Filled Black
Process: MJF
Economical
Temperature Resistance
Durability
Stiffness
Dimensional Stability
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PA 12 40% Glass-Filled Black is a 40% glass-filled nylon. Final parts are dyed black. The biggest advantage offered by this material is heat deflection at 175°C (347°F) (measured at 66 psi), ranking second best after PA 12 Mineral-Filled.
Tensile Strength
30 MPa 4.4 ksi
E-module
3,500 MPa 508 ksi
Heat Deflection
175°C 347°F
Elongation
8.5%
Max. Part Size:
284mm x 380mm x 380mm 11.1 in. x 14.9 in. x 14.9 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.5mm 0.020 in.
PA12 Black
Process: MJF
Economical
Strength
Durability
Dimensional Stability
Wear Resistance
Lightweight
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PA 12 Black is a high tensile strength nylon. Final parts are dyed black, and they exhibit quality surface finishes and slightly more isotropic mechanical properties when compared to SLS. When more detail is required, PA 12 can achieve smaller minimum feature resolution (0.02 in) as compared to SLS materials (0.03 in). PA 12 Black is the best material option for designs that incorporate living hinges.
Tensile Strength
49 MPa 7.1 ksi
E-module
1,900 MPa 276 ksi
Heat Deflection
175°C 347°F
Elongation
21%
Max. Part Size:
284mm x 380mm x 380mm 11.1 in. x 14.9 in. x 14.9 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.5mm 0.020 in.
PA12 White (PA650)
Process: SLS
Strength
Economical
Durability
Dimensional Stability
Wear Resistance
Lightweight
Large Format
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PA 12 White is an economical material choice for functional prototypes and end-use parts. It offers high impact and temperature resistance, is very durable, and remains stable under a range of environmental conditions. The nylon material exhibits a white finish with a slightly rougher surface texture compared to other nylons.
Tensile Strength
50 MPa 7.3 ksi
E-module
2,000 MPa 290 ksi
Heat Deflection
177°C 351°F
Elongation
11%
Max. Part Size:
482mm x 482mm x 431mm 19 in. x 19 in. x 17 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.762mm 0.03 in.
PC-Like Advanced High Temp (Accura 5530)
Process: SLA
Strength
Stiffness
Temperature Resistance
Moisture Resistance
Transparency
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PC-Like Advanced High Temp is best used for parts that need strength and stiffness combined with high temperature resistance. With a thermal post-cure, the part’s heat deflection can be improved even further, but at the expense of durability.
Tensile Strength
45 MPa 6.5 ksi
E-module
3,900 MPa 566 ksi
Heat Deflection
170 – 250°C 338 – 482°F
Elongation
1.5%
Max. Part Size:
254mm x 254mm x 254mm 10 in. x 10 in. x 10 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
PC-Like Translucent/Clear (Accura 60)
Process: SLA
Transparency
Stiffness
Large Format
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PC-Like Translucent is ideal for parts with fine details that require translucence and high stiffness. Custom finishing is required to achieve functional clarity. It has a high tensile strength and modulus, making it ideal for prototyping parts similar to molded polycarbonate.
Tensile Strength
75 MPa 10.8 ksi
E-module
3,500 MPa 508 ksi
Heat Deflection
54°C 129°F
Elongation
7%
Max. Part Size:
736mm x 635mm x 533mm 29 in. x 25 in. x 21 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
Polypropylene Natural
Process: SLS
Flexibility
Chemical Resistance
Dimensional Stability
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Polypropylene Natural is true Polypropylene. With Polypropylene being one of the most commonly used plastics worldwide, this material is ideal for prototyping and end use production. PP Natural is a low weight material, by comparison to other plastics, and it exhibits durability in addition to being both tough and flexible.
Tensile Strength
18 MPa 2.6 ksi
E-module
850 MPa 123 ksi
Heat Deflection
-- --
Elongation
15%
Max. Part Size:
304mm x 269mm x 269mm 12.6 in. x 10.6 in. x 10.6 in.
Min. Feature Size:
1.01mm 0.04 in.
PP-Like Translucent White (Somos 9120)
Process: SLA
Flexibility
Transparency
Durability
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PP-Like Translucent White is translucent in appearance. It’s also the most flexible stereolithography material available with a flexural modulus of 1,600 MPa (232 ksi). Its mechanical properties are similar to the average values of injection-molded polypropylene except for a slightly lower elongation at break.
Tensile Strength
35 MPa 5 ksi
E-module
1,600 MPa 232 ksi
Heat Deflection
61°C 142°F
Elongation
25%
Max. Part Size:
254mm x 254mm x 254mm 10 in. x 10 in. x 10 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.254mm 0.010 in.
Aluminum
Process: DMLS
Lightweight
Strength-to-Weight
Large Format
Stiffness
Dimensional Stability
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Aluminum (AlSi10Mg) is comparable to a 3000 series alloy that is used in casting and die casting processes. It has good strength-to-weight ratio, high temperature and corrosion resistance, and good fatigue, creep and rupture strength. Material property values below are measured after stress relief.
Tensile Strength
345 MPa 50 ksi
Elongation
8%
Hardness
59 HRB
Max. Part Size:
400mm x 800mm x 500mm 31.5 in. x 15.7 in. x 19.7 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.381mm 0.015 in.
Cobalt Chrome
Process: DMLS
Corrosion Resistance
Strength
Temperature Resistance
Stiffness
Dimensional Stability
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Cobalt-Chrome (Co28Cr6Mo) material is used in our DMLS process. It is a superalloy comprised primarily of cobalt and chromium, and is known for its high strength-to-weight ratio, excellent creep and corrosion resistance.
Tensile Strength
1,200 MPa 176 ksi
Elongation
14%
Hardness
38 HRC
Max. Part Size:
245mm x 245mm x 330mm 9.6 in. x 9.6 in. x 13.0 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.15mm 0.006 in.
Inconel 718
Process: DMLS
Corrosion Resistance
Temperature Resistance
Strength
Large Format
Stiffness
Dimensional Stability
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Inconel is a high strength, corrosion resistant nickel chromium superalloy ideal for parts that will experience extreme temperatures and mechanical loading. Final parts built in Inconel 718 receive stress relief application. Solution and aging per AMS 5663 is also available to increase tensile strength and hardness. Material property values below are measured after solution and aging heat treatment.
Tensile Strength
1,435 MPa 208 ksi
Elongation
18%
Hardness
46 HRC
Max. Part Size:
400mm x 800mm x 500mm 31.5 in. x 15.7 in. x 19.7 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.15mm 0.006 in.
Stainless Steel 17-4PH
Process: DMLS
Corrosion Resistance
Strength
Durability
Stiffness
Dimensional Stability
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Stainless Steel 17-4 PH is a precipitation hardened stainless steel that is known for its hardness and corrosion resistance. Final parts built 17-4 PH receive vacuum solution heat treatment as well as H900 aging. Material property values below are measured after heat treatment.
Tensile Strength
1,360 MPa 198 ksi
Elongation
13%
Hardness
42 HRC
Max. Part Size:
245mm x 245mm x 330mm 9.6 in. x 9.6 in. x 13.0 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.15mm 0.006 in.
Stainless Steel 316L
Process: DMLS
Corrosion Resistance
Strength
Durability
Dimensional Stability
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Stainless steel 316L is a workhorse material used for manufacturing acid and corrosion resistant parts. Final parts built in 316L receive stress relief application. Material property values below are measured after stress relief.
Tensile Strength
635 MPa 92 ksi
Elongation
58%
Hardness
94 HRB
Max. Part Size:
245mm x 245mm x 330mm 9.6 in. x 9.6 in. x 13.0 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.15mm 0.006 in.
Titanium
Process: DMLS
Temperature Resistance
Lightweight
Corrosion Resistance
Durability
Stiffness
Dimensional Stability
Strength-to-Weight
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Titanium (Ti6Al4V) is a workhorse alloy. The mechanical properties of Ti6Al4V are comparable to wrought titanium for tensile strength, elongation, and hardness. Final parts built in Ti6Al4V receive vacuum stress relief application. Material property values below are measured after stress relief.
Tensile Strength
990 MPa 144 ksi
Elongation
18%
Hardness
33 HRC
Max. Part Size:
245mm x 245mm x 330mm 9.6 in. x 9.6 in. x 13.0 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.15mm 0.006 in.
Digital Photopolymer (30A-95A)
Process: Polyjet
Flexibility
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PolyJet provides the ability to choose a desired hardness or combine material properties into a single build, which makes it ideal for prototyping overmolding parts. Shore A hardnesses of 30A, 40A, 50A, 60A, 70A, 85A, 95A, and rigid are available in these colors: clear/translucent, white, and black.
Tensile Strength
2.75 - 60 MPa .40 - 8.7 ksi
E-module
-- --
Elongation
17.5% - 245%
Max. Part Size:
490mm x 390mm x 200mm 19.3 in. x 15.4 in. x 7.9 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.3mm 0.012 in.
TPU 70-A
Process: SLS
Flexibility
Impact Resistance
Wear Resistance
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This thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) combines rubber-like elasticity and elongation with good abrasion and impact resistance. It can be leveraged to produce both prototypes and functional parts.
Tensile Strength
4 MPa 0.6 ksi
E-module
40.5 MPa 5.8 ksi
Elongation
210%
Max. Part Size:
269.24mm x 320.04mm x 406.4mm 10.6 in. x 12.6 in. x 16 in.
Min. Feature Size:
1.01mm 0.04 in.
True Silicone
Process: SLA
Temperature Resistance
Wear Resistance
Flexibility
Moisture Resistance
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True silicone is 100% pure silicone that is available in different shore-A hardness as detailed below. The material is suitable to produce both functional prototypes and end-use products, which can be used in a temperature range of -30°C to +180°C (-22°F to +356°F).
Tensile Strength
5 - 8.5 Mpa .711 - 1,233 ksi
E-module
-- --
Elongation
>1,000% - 360%
Max. Part Size:
119.38mm x 71.12mm x 99.06mm 4.7 in x 2.8 in. x 3.9 in.
Min. Feature Size:
0.25mm 0.01 in.
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